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This branch of extremist Islam originated in India in 1867 as a reaction to Western colonialism. When Britain made it clear that India would be independent after WW II, The Muslim League, faced with the alternative of living in a Hindu state, declared their allegiance to Britain, and Pakistan emerged as a British colony separate from India in 1947. Nine years later Pakistan became fully independent.

Pakistan is a nominal democracy that has been largely ruled by military dictators. It has never developed a substantial middle class that seems necessary to establish and maintain a stable democracy.

Along with that, Deobandi Islam emerged as de facto rulers on the local level, providing education and other services to communities that the government could not. This branch of Islam inspired the Taliban movement which ultimately came to dominate Afghanistan. Although the Pakistani Military is in charge, effectively so in large cities, the extremist mullahs exert a strong influence on where Pakistan fits within Islam and in the family of nations. Neither the government nor the military is in control of the countryside, where the mullahs reign.

As a result, in the madrassas (religious schools), Pakistani youth are largely taught Islam first, secular skills second, if at all. And the Taliban have found welcome refuge and support in Pakistan from which they have now regrouped to fight (and are now fighting) the Afghan government and the American "occupiers."


The Deobandi adhere to the Salifi Tenets from which we quote:

"To believe in Allah's existence and ownership of the creation, which is sometimes referred to as the Tawhid of Rububiyyah (Allah's being the only True Lord or Rabb). Allah (T) says (what means): Praise be to Allah (T) the Lord of the Worlds. [Al-Fatihah 1:2]. And He says (what means): Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is in charge of all things. [Ash-Shura 42:11].

"To believe that Allah possesses the attributes of perfection and the Most Excellent Names, as mentioned in the Qur'an and authentic Sunnah, and in accordance to their literal Arabic meanings without denial of these attributes or likening them to the attributes of His creation. This is sometimes referred to as the Tawhid of Asma' and Sifaat (Names and Attributes). Allah (T) says (what means): Say: He is Allah the One, Allah the Self Sufficient Master (whom all creatures need). He begets not, nor was He begotten. And there is nothing comparable to Him. [Al-Ikhlas 112:1-4]. And Allah also says (what means): There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. [Ash-Shuirai 42:1 1 ].

"To believe that Allah is the only one worthy of worship and full obedience, which is sometimes referred to as the Tawhid of 'Ubudiyyah or 'Ibadah (worship), or of llahiyyah or Uluhiyyah (state of being the only True God or Ilah). Allah says (what means): And the Mosques are for Allah (alone) so do not invoke anyone along with Allah. [Al-Jinn 72:18]. and He says: Whoever looks forward to meeting his Lord, let him do righteous deeds, and let him not ascribe unto anyone a share in the worship due to his Lord [alone]. [Al-Kahf 18:110].

"To believe in the uniqueness of Prophet Muhammed's (S) Message and in the obligation to follow him exclusively. This is sometimes referred to as the Tawhid of Ittiba (adherence). Allah (T) said (what means): Say [Muhammed]: If you really do love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [Al-Imran 3:31]."

"Belief that the revelation to the Prophet (S) is the final revelation, and that it is composed of two complementary and inseparable parts: the Qur'an and the Sunnah. The Prophet (S) said: I have indeed been given the Quran and, along with it, something similar to it. [Authentic; recorded by Abu Dawud and ad-Darimi]. And he (S) said:
As long as you hold fast to two things which I have left among you, you will never go astray: Allah's Book and my Sunnah. [Authentic; recorded by al-Hakim].

"Belief that obedience to the Messenger must be absolute, and that his position is unapproachable by anyone else among humanity. The Prophet (S) is alone to be obeyed and followed. All beliefs, statements, deeds and morals which conflict with his teachings are to be rejected and avoided. Believers! Obey Allah and His
Messenger and do not turn away from him when you hear (his Message). [Al-Anfal 8:20].

"Directing perfect love to Prophet Muhammed (S), which should be exhibited in adherence to his commands, swiftness in obeying him, putting his statements above and ahead of all others, studying his Sirah, and studying and implementing his Sunnah in everyday life. The Prophet (S) has said: None of you believes until I become more beloved to him than his father, child and all mankind. [Recorded by Muslim].

The Qur'an and Sunnah are the only sources for Tazkiyah.

"The Prophet (S) is the purest of mankind in his soul. His character reflected the teachings of the Qur'an. Therefore, he is our model for Tazkiyah. Allah says (what means): Indeed in the Messenger of Allah is a beautiful pattern of conduct to follow for anyone whose hopes lie in Allah and the Last Day and who remembers Allah abundantly. [Al-Ahzab 33:21].

"The Prophet's Companions and the rest of the Salaf are, as a group,
a fine model to be followed in Tazkiyah.

"There is no way of drawing closer to Allah except by adhering to what Prophet Muharnmed (S) came with. The Prophet (S) has said: If anyone introduces into this affair of ours (i.e., the religion of Islam) anything which does not belong to it, it will be rejected from him. [Recorded by Muslim].

"There is no way to attain Tazkiyah but through the teachings of Islam. Allah says (what means): O you who believe! Enter into Islam wholeheartedly (i.e., obey all the regulations of Allah and His Messenger) and follow not the footsteps of Shaytan. Verily! He is to you an open enemy. [Al-Baqarah 2:208]. Thus there can be no Tazkiyah through deviant approaches
of various groups, such as the Sufis who have corrupted the beliefs and practices of the Muslims.

"The Salafi Manhaj represents the true exemplification of piety. It is Iman without hypocrisy, purity without corruption."


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